Malta’s teenagers score poorly in a league table of nearly 80 countries when it comes to reading, science and mathematics, according to a new international survey.
More than 3,300 young people were interviewed in Malta as part of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) of 15-year-olds from 78 countries.
Its main aim is to assess the level of the three subjects among teens just before they finish secondary school. But it also asks about bullying, family life and the age-old question: “What do you want to be when you grow up?”
Although the country's scores in reading, science and mathematics each increased marginally when compared to previous years, results show that Malta's education system continues to perform poorly when compared to that of many other countries.
Reading ability - 43rd
Malta ranked a lowly 43rd in the list when it came to reading, with a score of 419.
In 2009, the country had obtained a score of 408.
Overall, the survey found that girls are better readers than boys in every single country, but Malta showed one of the largest gender gaps across all participants.
Reading ability differs greatly depending on the school sector. Teens attending independent schools and girls in Church schools scored significantly higher in reading compared to the international average. Boys and girls attending State schools and boys attending Church schools scored significantly lower.
Girls were better readers in all three types of schools, however, the margin between the genders was three times narrower in independent schools compared to State schools. All three school types performed better than they had done in the last PISA in 2015.
Science - 42nd
When it came to science, 41 countries ranked higher than Malta, with students again performing significantly lower than the international average.
Malta obtained a score of 428, compared to 425 in 2009.
In this subject, girls in 50 countries – including Malta – did better than their male classmates. And, like reading, the gender gap was one of the largest across all countries surveyed.
However, when it came to what is deemed ‘high achievers’ in science, boys did better, keeping in line with the international trend.
Mathematics - 37th
When it comes to mathematics, Malta did marginally better, ranking 37th out of 78.
Malta got a score of 443, when compared to 430 in 2009.
In 12 of the countries surveyed girls scored significantly higher than boys, again highlighting one of the largest gender gaps across all countries.
And again, mathematical abilities differed depending on the type of school. Boys and girls attending Church and independent schools, scored significantly higher in mathematics, compared to the international average, while teens at State schools scored significantly lower.
Differences between schools
Comparing schools, those attending independent schools scored significantly higher than the international average, while teens attending State and Church schools scored significantly lower.
Female students did better than boys in both State and Church schools, while male students scored marginally higher than girls in independent schools.
Another area surveyed across countries was the difference between immigrant and non-immigrant teens. In this area Malta bucked the trend, with all students averaging the same in reading, science and mathematics.
Another finding was that 13.3 per cent of socio-economically disadvantaged students in Malta beat the odds against them, scoring in the top quarter in all participating countries.
What do you want to become?
When asked what profession Maltese teens would choose after finishing their education, the 10 most popular occupations picked by boys included police officers, engineers, doctors, business managers, mechanics, armed forces, policy managers, lawyers and teachers.
Girls chose teachers, lawyers, doctors, nurses, psychologists, police officers and veterinarians.
Bullying and skiving
Teens were also asked about bullying behaviour at school. The results showed that Malta has a bigger problem than other countries.
Students said they experienced being left out, threatened or made fun of and having their possessions stolen or destroyed.
More than 15 per cent said they were the victims of nasty rumours, while 12.6 per cent said they were pushed or hit.
Skipping school is also higher than normal in Malta, with slightly more than half of students admitting to taking a whole day off, while 36 per cent reported they had skipped some classes at least once in the last two weeks.
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